[39] Limestone is the most important mineral quarried, mainly for roads and cement, while other extracted materials include shale for cement and gritstone for building stone. The main article for this category is Pennines. The route passes through the counties of Derbyshire, West Yorkshire, Lancashire, North Yorkshire, Cumbria and Northumberland.It is part of the National Cycle Network (NCN). Climate data for Great Dun Fell, North Pennines (848 m) 1981–2010 Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov The traditional start of the Pennine Way is The Old Nags Head, Edale, and the traditional end point is Kirk_Yetholm, and the Border Hotel. [56] As the Ice age glacial sheets retreated c. 11,500 BC trees returned and archaeological palynology can identify their species. [14] It did not become a common name until the 18th century and almost certainly derives from modern comparisons with the Apennine Mountains, which run down the middle of Italy in a similar fashion. [45] In the Yorkshire Dales, tourism accounts for £350 million of expenditure every year while employment is mostly dominated by farming, accommodation and food sectors. The highest point is Cross Fell in eastern Cumbria, at 2,930 feet (893 m) and other principal peaks in the North Pennines are Great Dun Fell 2,782 ft (848 m), Mickle Fell 2,585 ft (788 m), and Burnhope Seat 2,451 ft (747 m). This province is divided into two equal parts by a chain of mountains called the Pennine Alps, which rising on the confines of the, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFDeecke1904 (, Sheffield, Ashton-Under-Lyne and Manchester Railway, "Writer inspired by beauty of Pennines celebrates its views", "A Renewed Examination of 'Richard of Cirencester, "Yorkshire Dales expand into Lancashire in national parks land grab", "The Landscape of The Forest of Bowland Area Of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB)", "The Humber Catchment and its Coastal Area", "Great Dun Fell 2 Climatic Averages 1981–2010", "Peak District National Park: Study Area", "£1.2m fund available to South Pennines farm businesses", "Standedge Tunnel & Visitor Centre: Opening times and prices", "Timetables – The Settle Carlisle Railway", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pennines&oldid=998426432, Mountains and hills of Greater Manchester, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2013, Articles with dead external links from October 2011, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2008, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 09:32. The North Pennines are coincident with the Alston Block and the Yorkshire Dales are coincident with the Askrigg Block. By 6500 BC temperatures were warmer and woodlands covered 90% of the dales with mostly pine, elm, lime and oak. The Pennines (), also known as the Pennine Chain or Pennine Hills, is a range of hills and mountains separating North West England from Yorkshire Pennines (), also known as the Pennine Chain or Pennine Hills, is a range of hills and mountains separating North West England from Yorkshire The Pennines are an important water catchment area with numerous reservoirs in the headwaters of the major river valleys. The Pennines are a mountain range in England.Often said to be the "backbone of England", they form an unbroken range stretching from the Peak District in the Midlands, through the Yorkshire Dales, parts of Greater Manchester, the West Pennine Moors of Lancashire and Cumbrian Fells to the Cheviot Hills on the Scottish border.Their total length is about 250 mi (402 km). Look it up now! [citation needed] Many customs and stories have their origin in Christianised pagan traditions. Pennines definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. The Trans Pennine Trail, a long-distance route for cyclists, horse riders and walkers, runs west–east alongside rivers and canals, along disused railway tracks and through historic towns and cities from Southport to Hornsea (207 miles/333 km). The Pennines are the longest mountain range in the UK and largest mountain range that is in England. Celtic speech remained in most areas of the Pennines longer than it did in the surrounding areas of England. [57], "In digging it away they frequently find vast fir trees, perfectly sound, and some oaks ...". Eventually, the Celtic tongue of the Pennines was replaced by early English as Anglo-Saxons and Vikings settled the area and assimilated the Celts.[54]. The hills are a series of highland blocks dissected by rivers such as the Tees, Aire and Ribble. But the South Pennines are also the dramatic setting for other hidden gems including Todmorden, the Saddleworth villages, Marsden, Slaithwaite, Littleborough and Ripponden. The erosion of peat still exposes stumps of ancient trees. The national parks within the Pennines are the Yorkshire Dales National Park (7) and the Peak District National Park (1). The Pennines are a mountain range in England. It is believed that the north Pennines were under the control of the kingdom of Rheged. The Pennine way is a popular hiking trail that runs the entire length of the Pennines. [22][23][24][25], Various towns and geographical features have names of Celtic origin, including Penrith, Pen-y-ghent, the River Eden, and Cumbria. Denne siden ble sist redigert 9. des. The Cheviot Hills, separated by the Tyne Gap and Whin Sill, along which run the A69 and Hadrian's Wall, are not part of the Pennines but, perhaps because the Pennine Way crosses them, they are treated as such. Penniner - Pennines. ... Wikipedia. Földrajzi nevei. Media in category "Pennines (hills)" The following 67 files are in this category, out of 67 total. This category has the following 152 subcategories, out of 152 total. In some parts, the trail has been re-routed as the numbers of hikers were causing substantial erosion. The uplands have a short, steep western slope and dip gently eastward. More snow falls on the Pennines than on surrounding lowland areas due to the elevation and distance from the coast; unlike lowland areas of England, the Pennines can have quite severe winters. [50] It was designed by Sir William Halcrow & Partners. When England was unified the Pennines were incorporated. A low mountain range stretching through north central England. The Vikings influenced place names, culture and genetics. Ilyen név például Penrith városé, a Pen-y-ghent lanka, az Eden-folyó, vagy Cumbria.Ennél gyakoribbak az angolszász vagy óészaki eredetű nevek. In the North Pennines are: 40% of the UK's upland hay meadows; 30% of England's upland heathland and 27% of its blanket bog; 80% of England's black grouse (and also breeding short-eared owl, ring ouzel, common snipe and common redshank); 36% of the AONB designated as Sites of Special Scientific Interest; red squirrels, otters and rare arctic alpine plants; 22,000 pairs of breeding waders and one of England's biggest waterfalls – High Force. Alpine huts of Pennine Alps‎ (46 C, 40 F) Erosion of the limestone has led to geological formations, such as the limestone pavements at Malham Cove. The rearing of sheep is the chief occupation. The Pennines are a mountain range in England. Dywedir yn aml eu bod yn ffurfio "asgwrn cefn Lloegr", gan ffurfio cadwyn ddidor o fryniau sy'n ymestyn o Ardal y Copaon yn Swydd Derby, trwy'r Dyffrynnoedd Swydd Efrog, rhannau o Fanceinion Fwyaf, Rhosdiroedd Gorllewin Pennine yn Swydd Gaerhirfryn a bryniau Cumbria i Fryniau Cheviot ar y ffin rhwng Lloegr a'r Alban. The Pennines are fringed by extensive lowlands including the Eden Valley, West Lancashire Coastal Plain, Ch… and is operated by Northern Rail.[52]. Pennines. Often said to be the " backbone of England", they form an unbroken range stretching from the Peak District in the Midlands , through the Yorkshire Dales , parts of Greater Manchester , the West Pennine Moors of Lancashire and Cumbrian Fells to the Cheviot Hills on the Scottish border. The Pennine hills were controlled by the tribal federation of the Brigantes, made up of small tribes who inhabited the area and cooperated on defence and external affairs. A misty morning on Oxpasture - geograph.org.uk - 582415.jpg 640 × 403; 146 KB The northern Pennine range is bordered by the foothills of the Lake District, and uplands of the Howgill Fells, Orton Fells and Cheviot Hills. During the Dark Ages the Pennines were controlled by Celtic and Anglo-Saxon kingdoms. Arctic hares, which were common in Britain during the Ice Age and retreated to the cooler, more tundra-like uplands once the climate warmed up, were introduced to the Dark Peak area of the Peak District in the 19th century. The Pennines are an important water catchment area with numerous reservoirs in the head streams of the river valleys. They include some of the largest caves in England at Gaping Gill, more than 350 ft (107 m) deep and Rowten Pot, 365 ft (111 m) deep. The South Pennines is a region of moorland and hill country in northern England lying towards the southern end of the Pennines.In the west it includes the Rossendale Valley and the West Pennine Moors.It is bounded by the Greater Manchester conurbation in the west and the Bowland Fells and Yorkshire Dales to the north. Altitude and size. The fusion of Norse and Old English was important in the formation of Middle English and hence Modern English, and many individual words of Norse descent remain in use in local dialects, such as that of Yorkshire, and in local place names. The Pennine climate is generally temperate like that of the rest of England, but the hills have more precipitation, stronger winds and colder weather than the surrounding areas. Other AONBs are Nidderdale east of the Yorkshire Dales, and the Bowland Fells, including Pendle Hill, west of the Yorkshire Dales. The South Pennines is a region of moorland and hill country in northern England lying towards the southern end of the Pennines.In the west it includes the Rossendale Valley and the West Pennine Moors.It is bounded by the Greater Manchester conurbation in the west and the Bowland Fells and Yorkshire Dales to the north. [13] He found that the derivation from Bertram was widely believed and considered uncomfortable. Bruken av .uk i stedet for .gb som toppnivådomene skyldes .uk’s forutgående bruk i det nå foreldete JANET Name Registration Scheme hvor rekkefølgen på adressekomponentene var reversert..uk ble gjort tilgjengelig i DNS for å forenkle oversettelsen til og fra disse adressene. They are surrounded on the east, west, and south by the Vale of York, the The uplands have a short, steep western slope and dip gently eastward. The North Pennines AONB just north of the Yorkshire Dales rivals the national park in size and includes some of the Pennines' highest peaks and its most isolated and sparsely populated areas. Other birds whose English breeding strongholds are in the Pennines include golden plover, snipe, curlew, dunlin, merlin, short-eared owl, ring ouzel and twite,[63] though many of these are at the southern limit of their distributions and are more common in Scotland. During the Viking Age Scandinavian settlers brought their language, Old Norse. Water has carved out gorges, caves and limestone landscapes in the Yorkshire Dales and Peak District. In other areas where the soil has not been degraded, it has resulted in lush vegetation. Cuir leis, chun cuidiú leis an Vicipéid. The Trent drains the east and west sides of the southern Pennines, also reaching the North Sea through the Humber Estuary. South of the Aire Gap is a western spur into east Lancashire, comprising the Rossendale Fells, West Pennine Moors[5] and the Bowland Fells in North Lancashire. Keighley (/ ˈ k iː θ l i / KEETH-lee) is a former mill and market town as well as a civil parish in the City of Bradford, West Yorkshire, England, 11 miles (18 km) north-west of Bradford, 11 miles (18 km) south of Ilkley, 13 miles (21 km), north of Halifax, 12 miles (19 km) south-east of Skipton, and 20 miles (32 km) north-west of Leeds at the confluence of the rivers Aire and Worth. The Pennines (/ˈpɛnaɪnz/), also known as the Pennine Chain or Pennine Hills,[1] is a range of hills and mountains separating North West England from Yorkshire and North East England. In the Peak District, tourism is the major local employment for park residents (24%), with manufacturing industries (19%) and quarrying (12%) also being important while 12% are employed in agriculture. The area shares a boundary with the Yorkshire Dales National Parkin th… The tunnel was opened by the transport minister Alan Lennox-Boyd on 3 June 1954. Many towns and cities are located along rivers flowing from the hills and in northwest England the lack of natural aquifers is compensated for by reservoirs. The first two tunnels were replaced by Woodhead 3, which was longer at 3 miles 66 yards (4860m). In some areas precipitation has contributed to poor soils, resulting in part in moorland landscapes that characterize much of the range. The Aire Gap links Lancashire and Yorkshire via the valleys of the Aire and Ribble. The trail stretches for 268 miles (431 km) from Edale, in the northern Derbyshire Peak District, north through the Yorkshire Dales and Northumberland National Park and ends at Kirk Yetholm, just inside the Scottish border.The path runs along the Pennine hills, sometimes described as the "backbone of England". The West Pennine Moors, Rossendale Valley[5] and Forest of Bowland[6] are western spurs, the former two are in the South Pennines. Fauna in the Pennines is similar to the rest of England and Wales, but the area hosts some specialised species. The West Pennine Moors, Rossendale Valley and Forest of Bowland are western spurs, the former two are in the South Pennines. Wikipedia is a free online encyclopedia, created and edited by volunteers around the world and hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. The River Trent flows around the southern end of the Pennines and northwards on the eastern side taking water from tributaries, principally the Dove and Derwent. Subcategories. English . C This article has been rated as C-Class on the project's quality scale. Three trans-Pennine canals built during the Industrial Revolution cross the range: The first of three Woodhead Tunnels was completed by the Sheffield, Ashton-Under-Lyne and Manchester Railway in 1845, engineered by Charles Vignoles and Joseph Locke. The limestone is exposed at the surface in the North Pennines, Yorkshire Dales and the Peak District. [40] The springs at Buxton and Ashbourne are exploited to produce bottled mineral water and there are approximately 2,700 farms in the National Park. Those mountains (the area around the St. Bernard Pass) derive their name from the Latin Alpes Pœninæ whose name has been variously derived from the Carthaginians,[19] a local god,[20] and Celtic peninus. Not to be confused with Category:Pennine Alps . Titan in the Peak District, the deepest shaft known in Britain, is connected to Peak Cavern in Castleton, Derbyshire, the largest cave entrance in the country. Larger population centres are in the foothills and lowlands fringing the southern Pennine range, such as Barnsley, Chesterfield, Halifax, Huddersfield, Macclesfield, Oldham, Rochdale, and Stockport but most of the northern Pennine range is thinly populated. The Pennine Cycleway is a Sustrans-sponsored route in the Pennines range in northern England, an area often called the "backbone of England". [53] It crosses the north–south Pennine Way (268 miles/431 km) at Crowden-in-Longdendale. 16:38. In Yorkshire and Cumbria, many words of Norse origin, not commonly used in standard English, are part of everyday speech: for example, gill/ghyll (narrow steep valley), beck (brook or stream), fell (hill), and dale (valley).[26]. Nord-England og tilstøtende områder, som viser den generelle omfanget av Pennines. Pennines. The highest is … Bertram was responsible (at most) with popularizing the name against other contenders such as Daniel Defoe's "English Andes". In the Pennine millstone grit areas above an altitude of 900 feet (270 m) the topsoil is so acidic, pH 2 to 4, that it can grow only bracken, heather, sphagnum, and coarse grasses[36] such as cottongrass, purple moor grass and heath rush. The Trent and Ouse meet and enter the Humber at Trent Falls. Rising less than 3,000 feet (900 m), the Pennines are fells, with most of the mountainous terrain in the north. [27] The Pennines are fringed by extensive lowlands including the Eden Valley, West Lancashire Coastal Plain, Cheshire Plain, Vale of York, and the Midland Plains. The Howgill Fells[7] and Orton Fells[8] are sometimes considered to be part of the Pennines, both inside the Yorkshire Dales National Park. Here tree suppression combined with the heavier rainfall results in blanket bog up to 7 ft (2 m) thick. [13], Following an 1853 article by Arthur Hussey,[15] it has become a common belief that the name derives from a passage in The Description of Britain (Latin: De Situ Britanniæ),[17] an infamous historical forgery concocted by Charles Bertram in the 1740s and accepted as genuine until the 1840s. [46] The main economic activities in the North Pennines include tourism, farming, timber and small-scale quarrying, due to the rural landscape. The Howgill Fells and Orton Fells are sometimes considered to be part of the Pennines, both inside the Yorkshire Dales National Park. It is not an ancient name, but the similarity of the two mountain ranges appealed to the classically educated. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Category:Pennines (hills) . The etymology of the Apennines themselves—whose name first referred to their northern extremity and then later spread southward—is also disputed but is usually taken to derive from some form of Celtic pen or ben ("mountain, head"). Company membership comprises six local authorities: Bradford, Calderdale, Kirklees, Lancashire County, Oldham and Rochdale along with Natural England, United Utilities and Yorkshire Water, the National Trust and Northern Rail. Pennines se teško može nazvati masivom u pravom smislu, jer su njegova brda razbijena brojnim kratkim dolinama, (zvanim - dales) kojih ima posvuda, u svim smjerovima. GeoNames. Often said to be the " backbone of England", they form an unbroken range stretching from the Peak District in the Midlands , through the Yorkshire Dales , parts of Greater Manchester , the West Pennine Moors of Lancashire and Cumbrian Fells to the Cheviot Hills on the Scottish border. The A66 road, its summit at 1,450 feet (440 m), follows the course of a Roman road from Scotch Corner to Penrith through the Stainmore Gap between the Eden Valley in Cumbria and Teesdale in County Durham. The range stretches northwards from the Peak District at the southern end, through the South Pennines, the Yorkshire Dales and North Pennines to the Tyne Gap, which separates the range from the Cheviot Hills across the Anglo-Scottish border (some definitions include the Cheviot Hills). In the Dales and the White Peak, limestone exposure has caused the formation of large cave systems and watercourses. Although the Pennines cover the area between the Tyne Gap and the Peak District, the Pennine Way affects perceptions of the northern and southern extents of the defined area. Pennines is within the scope of WikiProject Yorkshire, an attempt to build a comprehensive and detailed guide to Yorkshire on Wikipedia. They evolved an early form of kingdom. A Pennines földrajzi nevei nyomokban őrzik a valamikor itt élt kelták és rómaiak hagyatékát. Limestone areas of the Pennines in the White Peak,[59] Yorkshire Dales[60] and Upper Teesdale[61] have been designated as nature reserves or Important Plant Areas by the botanical conservation charity Plantlife,[62] and are nationally important for their wildflowers. The rivers Eden, Ribble, Dane and tributaries of the Mersey (including the Irwell, Tame and Goyt) flow westwards towards the Irish Sea. See also: pennines. Historie. During Roman times, the Brigantes were dominated by the Romans who exploited the Pennines for their natural resources including the wild animals found there. The Pennines, Scottish Highlands, Southern Uplands and Snowdonia are the only areas of the UK in zone 7. The Southern Pennines Rural Regeneration Company (No. Principal peaks in the Yorkshire Dales include Whernside 2,415 ft (736 m), Ingleborough 2,372 ft (723 m), High Seat 2,328 ft (710 m), Wild Boar Fell 2,324 ft (708 m) and Pen-y-ghent 2,274 ft (693 m). Higher elevations have a tundra climate. Here the shales and sandstones of the Millstone Grit form high hills occupied by moorland covered with bracken, peat, heather and coarse grasses;[36] the higher ground is uncultivable and barely fit for pasture. The related and declining black grouse is still found in northern parts of the Pennines. The southern end of the Pennines is said to be in the High Peak of Derbyshire at Edale, the start of the Pennine Way but the range of hills continues south across the Peak District to the Trent Valley,[4] encompassing northern and eastern Staffordshire, and southern Derbyshire.[7][32][33]. The line has survived, despite difficult times[51] Sykdommen ble første gang påvist under koronavirusutbruddet i Wuhan i Kina i desember 2019. The flora found there can be found in other areas of moorland in Northern Europe and some species are also found in areas of tundra. The name of the Pennines, the Backbone of Britain, is taken from that of the Apennines, the Backbone of Italy. Pennines Range of hills in n England, extending from the Tyne Gap and Eden Valley on the border with Scotland to the valley of the River Trent. The Pennines have been carved from a series of geological structures whose overall form is a broad anticline whose axis extends in a north–south direction. This narrow range of hills, over 2,000 feet at the highest point, stretches 250 miles from the Peak District of … The Pennines, Scottish Highlands, Southern Uplands and Snowdonia are the only areas of the UK in zone 7. Considerable areas of the Pennines are protected as UK national parks and Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONBs). Media in category "North Pennines" The following 126 files are in this category, out of 126 total. [10] Parts of the Pennines are incorporated into the Peak District National Park and Yorkshire Dales National Park. Zone 8 is common throughout most of the UK, and zone 7 is the UK's coldest hardiness zone. 2017 kl. Cadwyn o fryniau yng ngogledd Lloegr yw'r Pennines neu'r Penwynion. The Peak District consists of hills, plateaus and valleys, divided into the Dark Peak with moorlands and gritstone edges, and the White Peak with limestone gorges. The region is widely considered to be one of the most scenic areas of the United Kingdom. Related to Pennines… More commonly, local names result from Anglo-Saxon and Norse settlements. For the purpose of growing plants, the Pennines are in hardiness zones 7 and 8, as defined by the USDA. [28] The South Pennines is an area of hills and moorlands with narrow valleys between the Peak District and Yorkshire Dales. Coordinates. The mix of Celtic, Anglo-Saxon and Viking heritage resembled much of the rest of northern England and its culture developed alongside its lowland neighbours in northwest and northeast England. The first unqualified use of the name "Pennines" to describe the mountain range is found in the spurious book De Situ Britanniae, first published in 1757: This book purported to contain the account of a Roman general preserved in the manuscript of a 14th-century English monk, Richard of Cirencester, an… Around 3000 BC a noticeable decline in tree pollen indicates that neolithic farmers were clearing woodland to increase grazing for domestic livestock, and studies at Linton Mires and Eshton Tarn find an increase in grassland species. Media in category "Pennines (hills)" The following 67 files are in this category, out of 67 total. The United Kingdom is a sovereign state located off the north-western coast of continental Europe.With a total area of approximately 248,532 square kilometres (95,960 sq mi), the UK occupies the major part of the British Isles archipelago and includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern one-sixth of the island of Ireland and many smaller surrounding islands. Terrain is lower towards the south, principal peaks in the South Pennines and Peak District include Kinder Scout 2,087 ft (636 m), Bleaklow 2,077 ft (633 m), Black Chew Head 1,778 ft (542 m), Rombalds Moor 1,319 ft (402 m) and Winter Hill 1,496 ft (456 m). The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland or simply the United Kingdom (UK) is a sovereign country in Western Europe.It is a constitutional monarchy that is made up of four separate countries: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.It is a member of the United Nations, the Commonwealth, NATO and the G8.It had the sixth largest economy in the world by nominal GDP in 2019. Pennines synonyms, Pennines pronunciation, Pennines translation, English dictionary definition of Pennines. Other high-level roads include Buttertubs Pass, named from limestone potholes near its 1,729-foot (527 m) summit, between Hawes in Wensleydale and Swaledale and the A684 road from Sedbergh to Hawes via Garsdale Head which reaches 1,100 feet (340 m). [57] On poorly drained impermeable areas of millstone grit, shale or clays the topsoil gets waterlogged in winter and spring. Ikke forveksles med Pennine Alps. Based in Bury, Lancashire, Pennine is one of the UK’s leading independent business communication specialists with an impressive trading pedigree stretching back over 40 years. Large areas of heather moorland in the Pennines are managed for driven shooting of wild red grouse. At the time of its completion in 1845, Woodhead 1 was one of the world's longest railway tunnels at a length of 3 miles 13 yards (4,840 m); it was the first of several trans-Pennine tunnels including the Standedge and Totley tunnels, which are only slightly longer. The Pennines were not a distinct political polity, but were divided between neighbouring counties in northeast and northwest England; a major part was in the West Riding of Yorkshire. The Pennine region is sparsely populated by English standards. Today rail services along the Huddersfield line between Huddersfield and Victoria and Piccadilly stations in Manchester are operated by TransPennine Express and Northern. [55], Flora in the higher Pennines is adapted to moorland and subarctic landscapes and climates. Pennines, major upland mass forming a relief “backbone,” or “spine,” in the north of England, extending southward from Northumberland into Derbyshire. The region is widely considered to be one of the most scenic areas of the United Kingdom. The Swale, Ure, Nidd, Wharfe, Aire, Calder and Don all flow into the Yorkshire Ouse, and reach the sea through the Humber Estuary. English Wikipedia has an article on: Pennines. The name Pennines is believed to come from the Celtic pennioroches, meaning "hill", although the earliest written reference to the name dates only from the 18th century. About Wikipedia; Disclaimers; Search. The trail stretches for 268 miles (431 km) from Edale, in the northern Derbyshire Peak District, north through the Yorkshire Dales and Northumberland National Park and ends at Kirk Yetholm, just inside the Scottish border.The path runs along the Pennine hills, sometimes described as the "backbone of England". The Pennine uplands contained Bronze Age settlements, and evidence remains of Neolithic settlement including many stone circles and henges, such as Long Meg and Her Daughters.[37]. In the south the Peak District is essentially a flat-topped dome. The London and North Western Railway acquired the Huddersfield and Manchester Railway in 1847 and built a single-line tunnel parallel to the canal tunnel at Standedge with a length of 3 miles, 57 yards (4803 m). It was bored for the overhead electrification of the route and completed in 1953. The main economic activities in the Pennines include sheep farming, quarrying, finance and tourism. Penniny se rozkládají ze severu k jihu, oddělují Severozápadní Anglii od hrabství Yorkshire a Severovýchodní Anglie.Nejvyšší bod je Cross Fell (893 m). [13] In fact, Redmonds found repeated comparisons with the Italian Apennines going back at least as early as William Camden (1551–1623),[18] many of whose placenames and ideas Bertram incorporated into his work. Den raske, verdensomspennende spredningen førte til koronaviruspandemien fra mars 2020. Pennines, major upland mass forming a relief “backbone,” or “spine,” in the north of England, extending southward from Northumberland into Derbyshire. Sléibhte Pennine Thuaidh; Sléibhte Pennine Theas; Is síol faoi thíreolaíocht Shasana é an t-alt seo. [48], Further south the A58 road traverses the Calder Valley between West Yorkshire and Greater Manchester reaching 1,282 feet (391 m) between Littleborough and Ripponden, while the A646 road along the Calder Valley between Burnley and Halifax reaches 764 feet (233 m) following valley floors. [41] The South Pennines are predominantly industrial, with the main industries including textiles, quarrying and mining,[42] while other economic activities within the South Pennines include tourism and farming.

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