Interestingly, 18 African countries that were formerly British colonies have chosen to remain connected to Great Britain as members of the British Commonwealth. The British Empire was the largest of its kind in history, and once covered about one quarter of all the land on Earth. Hulton Archive/Hulton Archive/Getty Images, The History Press: India from Queen Victoria's Time to Independence, Australian War Memorial: Colonial period, 1788–1901. It began with the overseas possessions and trading posts established by England between the late 16th and early 18th centuries. Ethnic rivalries were not serious in precolonial Africa. Top British and middle Indian administrators ruled Burma. ... British colonies, including Africa and India, made a significant contribution to the war effort. The company had an army, led by British officers and staffed by Indian soldiers. At this time, these included New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland, Vancouver Island, British Columbia, and “Canada” which was comprised of Upper and Lower Canada, today the provinces of Ontario and Quebec. Syria: Colonized by France in 1918, became independent in 1946. The French also had colonies in Africa, from the ROC to modern-day Morocco, among other colonies worldwide. During Queen Victoria's reign, Great Britain continued to expand its claim to territories in Australia and the Pacific. The Central African Republic. By the end of Queen Victoria's reign, the list of British colonies in the British West Indies included the island nations of Anguilla, Antigua, the Bahamas, Barbados, Barbuda, Belize, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines and Turks and Caicos. Thus, many European countries, such as Italy, Portugal, Greece, Spain, England and Germany, began acquiring colonies, leading to the colonial division of the world. Great Britain annexed Aden in 1839 and established colonies in South Africa in 1843. All of them speak Arabic. Likewise, British forces gained power in the eastern region of the Persian Empire, near present-day Pakistan. This means … It remains to be seen if any one power will again dominate over such a large portion of the globe, but history does have a tendency to repeat itself. Portugal The Portuguese had the least impact on Southeast Asia. In the mid- to late-1800s, European powers became obsessed with obtaining territory and British colonies on the ... 2 Spices and Tea. See disclaimer. British rule extended into the Pacific with the acquisition of the Fiji Islands in 1874 and British New Guinea in 1884. Based on the Word Net lexical database for the English Language. There were, however, some large conquering empires: the Bugandan Empire in Uganda; the Zulus in South Africa; the Mwene Mutapa Empire of the Shona people in Zambia, or Great Zimbabwe; the Benin Empire; the kingdoms of the Yoruba (Ife, Oyo, and Ibadan); the Ashanti in Ghana; the Fulani Empire in northern Nigeria, which even tried to extend into regions of Sierra Leone; the Kanem-Bo… In West Africa, the British had no pretensions about their attitude toward their colonies and colonial subjects. Thus, Britain did not attempt … He was hanged in 1859 for his part in an attack on Harpers Ferry, West Virginia. British North America and Colonial America. An empire is a group of colonies that are ruled by a single power, and while Britain itself has always been quite small in land mass and located far away from many of the places it has governed, it somehow succeeded in growing the largest empire in history. Senegal. In 1935, Britain consented to separate Burma from India and this was put into force in 1937 (Wilson). In part, this may have been due to a transfer of British ideas about the separation of classes to their overseas colonies. Eventually, a growing spirit of independence would strip Spain of its New World empire. New research shows that practically everyone has been invaded by British troops at one point or another. This is what British historian Stuart Laycock learned after his son asked him how many countries Britain had invaded. Facts about British Colonization of Australia talk about the history of Australia in 1780 until 1859. British settlers landed in New Zealand in 1840. Here is a brief look at some former British Colonies and how they came to be. The Sykes-Picot Agreement partitioned the area between Britain and France. These areas became prosperous economically and many people living in them began to wonder at one point why they needed to pay taxes to leaders back in England. 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